raw milk

adwank's picture

Enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus Aureus in Raw Milk in the North of Palestine

Journal Title, Volume, Page: 
Turkish Journal of Biology. 01/2005; 29:229-232
Year of Publication: 
2005
Authors: 
Ghaleb Adwan
Department of Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
Bassam Abu-Shanab
Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
Kamel Adwan
Department of Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
Current Affiliation: 
Department of Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
Preferred Abstract (Original): 

Enterotoxin genes (sea-see) in Staphylococcus aureus isolates recovered from milk of clinically healthy sheep and cows in the north of Palestine were determined using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Thirty-seven (37%) out of 100 S. aureus isolates were toxin gene positive. Four strains (10.8%) were sea-positive, 20 (54.1%) were seb-positive, 4 (10.8%) were sec-positive, 6 (16.2%) were sed-positive and 3 (8.1%) were see-positive. None of these enterotoxigenic isolates carried more than one toxin gene. This study indicates that the presence of enterotoxigenic S. aureus in raw milk can contribute to the sources of staphylococcal food poisoning in Palestine.

aboomar57's picture

Presence of Aflatoxin M1 in Raw Milk for Human Consumption in Palestinian

Journal Title, Volume, Page: 
Walailak Journal of Science and Technology (WJST) , Vol 9, No 3 (2012)
Year of Publication: 
2012
Authors: 
Ibrahim Mahmoud AL ZUHEIR
Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
Jamal Abo OMAR
Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Department of Agriculture, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
Current Affiliation: 
Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Department of Agriculture, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
Preferred Abstract (Original): 

The absences or insufficient food control program result in the occurrence of mycotoxin in milk and milk products, which poses a serious risk for humans and can be a public health concern. This study was conducted to highlight the occurrence of aflatoxin M1 in Palestine raw milk collected at farms from Tulkarm, Nablus and Jenin. Aflatoxin M1 was determined by direct competitive ELISA technique. 85 % (34 of 40) of the total examined raw milk samples tested were positive. The aflatoxin M1 contamination levels were between 3 - 80 ppt with a mean of 29.57 ppt. There was a high incidence rate with 92 % (11 of 12) and the highest means of contaminated with aflatoxin M1 in the samples tested in Tulkarm city (P ≤ 0.05). 20 % of the analyzed samples (8 of 40) exceeded the maximum permissible limit (50 ppt) in European Codex, with a range of 2 - 80 ppt.

bassamas's picture

Enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus Aureus in Raw Milk in the North of Palestine

Journal Title, Volume, Page: 
Turk J Biol 29, 229-232
Year of Publication: 
2005
Authors: 
Bassam ABU-SHANAB
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, An-Najah N. University, Nablus, PALESTINE
Current Affiliation: 
Department of Animal Production and Health, Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, An Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
Ghaleb ADWAN
Department of Biology and Biotechnology, An-Najah N. University, P. O. Box (7)-Nablus
Kamel ADWAN
Department of Biology and Biotechnology, An-Najah N. University, P. O. Box (7)-Nablus
Preferred Abstract (Original): 
Enterotoxin genes ( sea-see ) in Staphylococcus aureus isolates recovered from milk of clinically healthy sheep and cows in the north of Palestine were determined using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Thirty-seven (37%) out of 100 S. aureus isolates were toxin gene positive. Four strains (10.8%) were sea-positive, 20 (54.1%) were seb-positive, 4 (10.8%) were sec-positive, 6 (16.2%) were sed-positive and 3 (8.1%) were see-positive. None of these enterotoxigenic isolates carried more than one toxin gene. This study indicates that the presence of enterotoxigenic S. aureus in raw milk can contribute to the sources of staphylococcal food poisoning in Palestine.
adwang's picture

Enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus Aureus In Raw Milk In The North of Palestine

Journal Title, Volume, Page: 
STAPHTurk J Biol 29 (2005) 229-232
Year of Publication: 
2005
Authors: 
Ghaleb Adwan
Department of Biology and Biotechnology, An-Najah N. University, P. O. Box (7)-Nablus, Palestine
Current Affiliation: 
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, An-Najah National University, Nablus. Palestine
Bassam Abu-Shanab
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, An-Najah N. University, Nablus, Palestine
Kamel Adwan
Department Of Biology And Biotechnology, An-Najah N. University, P. O. Box (7)-Nablus, Palestine
Preferred Abstract (Original): 

Enterotoxin genes (sea-see) in Staphylococcus aureus isolates recovered from milk of clinically healthy sheep and cows in the north of Palestine were determined using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Thirty-seven (37%) out of 100 S. aureus isolates were toxin gene positive. Four strains (10.8%) were sea-positive, 20 (54.1%) were seb-positive, 4 (10.8%) were sec-positive, 6 (16.2%) were sed-positive and 3 (8.1%) were see-positive. None of these enterotoxigenic isolates carried more than one toxin gene. This study indicates that the presence of enterotoxigenic S. aureus in raw milk can contribute to the sources of staphylococcal food poisoning in Palestine.

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