Architectural Structures II

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Course Code: 
Course Outline: 

An-Najah National University

Department of Building Engineering

68422 Architectural Structures II



Instructor:  Monther Dwaikat. B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D.



Course Objectives

  • Learn modeling, analysis and design of different types of footings (wall, isolated, combined, mat and piles), retaining walls and special elements such as shell roofs and water tanks (if time permits).
  • Learn about the behavior and failure modes of these elements.


Course Contents

  • Introduction (site investigation and soil bearing capacity).
  • Design of footings: wall footings, spread footings, mat foundation, pile capacity and pile foundations.
  • Design of retaining walls.
  • Design of spherical shells.
  • Computer applications.


If time permits:

  • Design of water tanks.



Required Background

  • Fundamentals of mechanics of materials
  • Fundamentals of soil mechanics
  • Fundamentals of design of reinforced concrete components



The course includes two midterm exams, one final exam and a project. The final score will be decided as follows:

  • Computer application and project        = 20 %
  • Exam 1                                               = 15%
  • Exam 2                                               = 15%
  • Final Exam                                          = 50%




[1] Nawy E. G. (2005), Reinforced Concrete A fundamental Approach, Fifth Edition, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.

[2] ACI 318 (2008), Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-08) and Commentary (ACI 318R-08), American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI.

[3] Das B.M. (2007), Principles of Foundation Engineering, 6th edition, Nelson, Thomson Canada Limited, Toronto, Canada.

[4] Nilson A.H., Darwin D., and Dolan C.W. (2004), Design of Concrete Structures, 13th edition, The McGraw Hill Companies.