Monitoring The Performance of the Palestinian Security Apparatuses and its Role in Strengthen Freedom and Achieving Civil Peace

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Basem Salem Mohammad Marshoud
Monitoring The Performance of the Palestinian Security Apparatuses and its Role in Strengthen Freedom and Achieving Civil Peace1.03 MB

As a result of Oslo agreement between PLO and Israel in 1993, Palestinian security forces were established under Palestinian Police to maintain security inside Palestinian populated areas categorized (A). Despite that these forces were given limited rule according to Oslo agreement, their role was significant in the Palestinian context because they tackled with the issue of internal security. And because PSF was established upon non -professional bases, and lack of discipline, they have been subjected to reforms starting from roughly 2003 including oversight and monitoring procedures. Despite that reforms has also political implications, specially that they are performed under foreign occupation, the study suggests that oversight and monitoring are critical for the issue of democratization and for promoting social peace in the opt As well, the study suggests that oversight and monitoring have positive effect on the efficiency of the security forces and their ability to provide security. The researcher has used the historical and descriptive methodologies to examine his hypotheses. The theoretical framework sheds light on the notion of monitoring from an administrative perspective in three points: it's function as measurement tool, as it is a part of planning process, and its standards. Then, the researcher shows how monitoring can be applied on security agencies. As well, the theoretical framework clarified the concept of social peace and liberties. Second chapter, examines the structure of PSF and their legislative framework, showing how vulnerability in the Palestinian security structure and weak legislative framework has negative effects on maintaining oversight and monitoring, and the role of recent procedures taken by Palestinian President to promote monitoring on security forces. Third chapter, addresses the difficulties and challenges facing monitoring on security forces relying on the performance of security agencies from one hand, and the external threats from another including occupation and international agendas. In the fourth chapter, the study tracks the impact of monitoring on the transparency of security forces and on promoting social peace and liberties. It concludes how it is important to bridge the gap between security and civil sectors on the bases of inclusive security. the point of departure to the study is that social dialogue and communal understanding between security and people are essential to promote monitoring and oversight.