Israeli Settlement in the West Bank And its Impact on Political Development (1994 – 2009)

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Type: 
Thesis
Year: 
2010
Students: 
Bilal Mohammed Saleh Ibrahim
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Israeli Settlement in the West Bank And its Impact on Political Development (1994 – 2009)2.95 MB
Abstract: 

This study discusses one of the major conflict issues between the Palestinians and the Israelis, and centered on the conflict and control on the ground. The Palestinians who have a legitimate right to live in Palestine, suffer from the policy of expulsion and displacement by successive Israeli governments for the settlement project in the West Bank and Jerusalem. So, this study aims to shed light on settlement policies across the various stages of the occupation of Palestine, with a focus on settlement in the West Bank and Jerusalem after the Oslo Accords, which was signed between the two sides in 1993. Chapter I of the study consists of two sections. Section I presents an introduction and Section 2 presents a study plan as well. Chapter II The first section shows the concepts of the study, while the second section deals with the theoretical framework of the study as an input to govern the general orientation of the study so as not to deviate from its course and objectives set by the researcher. Chapter III deals with two sections. The first section addresses the motives of the Zionist movement and settlement and the second section discusses the issue of settlements from a legal standpoint and international law as settlement eliminates the possibility of establishing a Palestinian state in terms of factual and legal terms, making the international position stands in place against the settlements. Chapter IIII consists of three sections, the first section deals with the stage of settlement before the Oslo Accords in 1993, and the stages it went through, while the second section deals with the stage of settlements after the Oslo Agreement in 1993 and the stages it went through, and then the third section deals with Israeli policies of settlement to fragment the West Bank and Jerusalem, through the bypass roads and military checkpoints and the apartheid wall, in addition to the settlement policy in Arab Communities. Chapter IIIII consists of three sections, the first section address the impact of settlement on economic development in the West Bank and Jerusalem, while the second section addresses the impact of settlement on social development, as important inputs to policy development and components, and then the third section, which deals with the impact of settlement on political rights of the Palestinians in the West Bank and Jerusalem, and in particular their right to establish a Palestinian state. Many findings and recommendations emerged from the study, notably: 1. The answer to the question of the study: What is the impact of Israeli settlement on the political development in the West Bank and Jerusalem? In addition to answer the other sub-questions. The study shows that settlement in the West Bank eliminates all elements of development, thereby eliminating the Palestinian dream of a Palestinian state. 2. The number of settlements and settlers in the West Bank increased by 100%, before the conventions. The number of settlers in the West Bank in (1992م) was (252,545) settlers who lived in settlements in the West Bank (111.637) in addition to (140,872) Jewish settlers living in Jerusalem. The number of settlers in the West Bank has reached by the ends of 2008 approximately (500,000) settlers. So, the vast majority of settlers live in the city of Jerusalem, where the number of settlers alone exceeds ( 282,000) settlers and this is equivalent to a rate of 54% of the settlers. It is notably recognized that the number of settlers doubled before and after the Oslo Accords, which shows that Israeli governments exploited the agreement for the benefit of increasing the number of settlements. Recommendations: 1.Regarding settlements, to develop a Palestinian strategy that aims to convince the international institutions to enforce international law on Israel, accompanied by a genuine resistance campaign against settling in the West Bank. 2. This requires a unity of the internal resistance against the settlement process and to build a Palestinian society able to withstand and confront settling , and build a new strategy of action based on the national unity of all Palestinian people wherever they exist.