The Impact of the Government Planning of the Palestinian Authority on Political Development (1994-2009)

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Wathiq Bassam Ahmad Abdallah
The Impact of the Government Planning of the Palestinian Authority on Political Development (1994-2009)1.03 MB

This study aimed to evaluate the public policy of the successive Palestinian governments since the establishment of the Authority until the year 2009 through reviewing the programs and objectives of these governments. The study also sought to recognize the feasibility of planning adopted by the Palestinian National Authority in achieving the Palestinian national project to end the occupation and establish the Palestinian independent state. The researcher also seeks to know whether the establishment of the Palestinian state was the central concern in the plans of each government or that each one worked as separate entities? The study proposed that sound governmental planning has led to the main objective for which the National Authority was established which is the liberation of the land and the establishment of the Palestinian state. The researcher adopted the analytical, descriptive approach which is based on describing the characteristics of the programs and collect information about them over several periods which requires accurate description of the plans. The governmental programs have been collected, had their goals checked, in addition to the interviews that have been conducted with the concerned and the experts in the field. The analytical side of the approach depended on observation that results from analyzing information and documents and aims to reach the objective and organized description, in addition to the study of specialized resources and references that are related to the subject matter of the study as well as the data issued by the governments. The study has reached to a number of results which include the fact that the limitations imposed by the Oslo and Paris conventions on the Palestinian National Authority have hindered the development process extensively. These conventions have also forced the Authority to abandon its developmental objectives and the replacement of the liberation of the land with the establishment of a Palestinian state on the Line of 4 June, 1967. This had a negative impact on the open choices available to the Authority to deal with the Israeli occupation. There was a kind of consistency in the objectives of the successive governments with respect to their developmental plans especially the establishment of the independent Palestinian state. In the United Nations, the member countries have voted for the recognition of the Palestinian state that the Palestinian National Authority has promised the Palestinians with. However, the decision of the United Nations came with rejection and opposite to the expectations of the Palestinian Authority. The main challenge that faces the development of effective public institutions in Palestine is not a financial, administrative or technological, but rather political. The Palestinian plan suffers from a lack of a comprehensive developmental perspective due the an absence of collective Palestinian priorities. As a result, the Palestinian developmental plans did not depart from a clear or definite developmental social philosophy. Foreign funding plays a major role in forming the Palestinian jurisdiction with its geographic, cultural, political, economical and social dimensions and is considered one of the tools of colonialism. The study finally recommended that the Palestinian National Authority must be able to control and achieve sovereignty on the different parts of this state, achieve independence and economical stability which are not yet available in the Palestinian economical and political reality. The study also recommended the necessity to solve the problem of legitimacy that the Palestinian system is going through as quick as possible. Also, the Palestinian planning process must enjoy high flexibility to be able to deal with the immense changes that are taking place. The Palestinian Government must offer its people a clear, applicable national program and to provide a unified strategic vision that is agreed upon by all Palestinians and leads to a clarity in objectives.