Anatomy and Physiology for Health Sciences Students II

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Course Code: 
Course Outline: 

An-Najah National University

Faculty of Medicine

Department of Physiology

Anatomy and Physiology II


· Instructor:

Dr. Naim Kittana, PhD 


·         Text Book:

Essentials of human anatomy and physiology / 9th edition/ Eliane N. Marieb  Or

Human Anatomy and Physiology / Ninth edition/ Eliane N. Marieb 2013

·         Course Description:

This Course is designed to provide the students with a basic understanding of the structure and function of the human body and the mechanisms for maintaining homeostasis within it. The human body is discussed as separate systems, but the relation between different body systems is explained. Different systems will be discussed including Endocrine, Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Blood, Lymph and Immune. The methodology of course teaching includes lecture component and practical application for some theoretical approaches.

·         Course objectives:

The primary objective of this course is to make the student understand the construction of the human body and how this construction is related to the function of the human body. This will be achieved by:


  1.            Understanding the basic anatomy of the systems in focus


  2.            Thorough understanding the physiology of the studied systems, and the close relationships with the anatomy  


·         Course Intended learning outcomes:

A. Knowledge and understanding:

Upon the completion of this course, the students should be able to:

  1.            Describe the anatomy and physiology of the Endocrine, Blood, Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Lymph and Immune systems

  2.            Recognize how the anatomy and physiology of the learned systems are related.

  3.            Identify some homeostatic disorders of the discussed systems, and describe the Pathophysiology that underlies these disorders.

  4.            Recognize medical terms and phrases correctly in written and verbal communications.

B. Intellectual Skills:

Upon the completion of this course, the students should be able to:

  1.            Organize physiological data and use it for evaluation of function of different body systems.

  2.            Evaluate important values concerning different body systems using learned physiological formula.

  3.            Conclude the physiological changes associated with exercise.

C. Professional and Practical skills:

Upon the completion of this course, the students should be able to:

1.              Understand the principles of health and disease of the studied systems

2.              Understand some of the essential medical lab tests

3.              Form an background on how some related disease might be treated

4.              Use the medical terms in written and verbal communications.

5.              Examine several organ models, and recognize their major parts

·         Course Outlines and Calendar:




6 hours

The Endocrine System

1. The Endocrine System: An Overview

2. Hormones

3. The Pituitary Gland and Hypothalamus

4. The Thyroid Gland

5. The Parathyroid Glands

6. The Adrenal (Suprarenal) Glands

7. The Pineal Gland

8. The Pancreas

9. The Gonads

10. Hormone Secretion by Other Organs


10 hours

The Cardiovascular System: The Heart

1.       The Pulmonary and Systemic Circuits

2.       Heart Anatomy

3.       Cardiac Muscle Fibers

4.       Heart Physiology

First Exam

6 hours

The Cardiovascular System: The Blood Vessels

1.       Part 1: Blood Vessel Structure and Function

a.       Structure of Blood Vessel Walls

b.      Arterial System

c.       Capillaries

d.      Venous System

e.      Vascular Anastomoses

2.       Part 2: Physiology of Circulation

a.       Introduction to Blood Flow, Blood Pressure, and Resistance

b.      Systemic Blood Pressure

c.       Maintaining Blood Pressure

d.      Blood Flow Through Body Tissues: Tissue Perfusion


3 hours

Respiratory System

1.       Functional Anatomy of the Respiratory System

2.       Mechanics of Breathing

3.       Gas Exchanges Between the Blood, Lungs, and Tissues

4.       Transport of Respiratory Gases by Blood

5.       Control of Respiration

6.       Homeostatic Imbalances of the Respiratory System


6 hours


1.       Overview: Blood Composition and Functions

2.       Blood Plasma

3.       Formed Elements

4.       Hemostasis

5.       Transfusion and Blood Replacement

6.       Diagnostic Blood Tests


2 hours

The Lymphatic System and Lymphoid Organs and Tissues

1.       Lymphatic System

2.       Lymphoid Cells and Tissues

3.       Lymph Nodes

4.       Other Lymphoid Organs

Second Exam

6 hours

The Immune System: Innate and Adaptive Body Defenses

1.       Part 1: Innate Defenses

a.       Surface Barriers: Skin and Mucosae

b.      Internal Innate Defenses: Cells and Chemicals

2.       Part 2: Adaptive Defenses

a.       Antigens

b.      Cells of the Adaptive Immune System: An Overview

c.       Humoral Immune Response

d.      Cellular Immune Response

e.      Homeostatic Imbalances of Immunity

3.       Related Clinical Terms

6 hours


1.       Reproductive System

a.       Anatomy of the Male Reproductive System

b.      Physiology of the Male Reproductive System

c.       Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System

d.      Physiology of the Female Reproductive System

e.      Related Clinical Terms

2.       Pregnancy and Human Development

a.       From Egg to Zygote

b.      Events of Embryonic Development: Zygote to Blastocyst Implantation

Final Exam

·         Course Polices:

Class attendance (Participation)

The students must attend at least 75% of the lectures.

·         Grading:

First Exam 25%

Second Exam 25%

Final Exam 50%