Genetic Variability of Some Palestinian Fig (Ficus Carica L.) Genotypes Based on Pomological and ‎Morphological Descriptors ‎

mshtaya's picture
Journal Title, Volume, Page: 
An-Najah University Journal for Research (Natural Sciences), 27 (1)
Year of Publication: 
2013
Authors: 
Munqez Shtaya
Department of Plant Production & Protection, An-Najah University, Palestine.
Current Affiliation: 
Department of Plant Production and Protection,Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, An Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
Rezq Basheer-Salimia
Department of Plant Production & Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebron University
Murad Awad
Department of Plant Production & Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebron University
Yamen Hamdan
Palestine Technical University-Kadoorie
Preferred Abstract (Original): 
Characterization of fruit species is recognized as a primary and essential step towards protecting, conserving, maintaining, and conducting any future breeding program. The aim of this study is the genetic characterization of twelve fig genotypes (Ficus carica L.) from the southern region of the West Bank, Palestine, based on 41 pomological and morphological traits developed by IPGRI and CIHEAM (2003) with some minor modifications. Results showed a considerable diversity among all tested genotypes at both pomological and morphological levels. UPGMA dendrogram clustered the genotypes into four clusters (Fig. 1). The first (I) consisted of one genotype (Khdari). The second cluster (II) consisted of four genotypes (Ghzali, Bladi, Shhami and Hmari). The third cluster (III) consisted of four genotypes (Mwazi, Moozi, Ruzzi and Mouze). The fourth cluster (IV) consisted of three genotypes (Aswad, Swadi and Smari). Genetic distances ranged from 0.517 to 0.863 with a mean of 0.690. “Ruzzi and Mouze” were the most closely related genotypes, followed by “Ruzzi and Moozi”; “Moozi and Mouze”; “Mwazi and Ruzzi” and “Swadi and Smari”. In contrary, “Khdari and Aswad” and Ghzali and Aswad” were the most distantly related ones.
AttachmentSize
Genetic Variability of Some Palestinian Fig (Ficus Carica L.) Genotypes Based on Pomological and ‎Morphological Descriptors ‎269.11 KB