A simplified approach for predicting temperature in reinforced concrete members exposed to standard fire

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Journal Title, Volume, Page: 
Fire Safety Journal
Year of Publication: 
2013
Authors: 
VKR Kodur
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 3580 Engineering Building, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Baolin Yu
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 3580 Engineering Building, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
M.M.S Dwaikat
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 3573 Engineering Building, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Current Affiliation: 
Department of Civil Engineering, An-Najah National University, Palestine
Preferred Abstract (Original): 
For evaluating fire resistance of a reinforced concrete member, temperature profile in the cross section of the member is required. Current simplified approaches and design graphs do not yield reliable temperature predictions in rebar and concrete. In this paper, a simplified approach is proposed for evaluating cross-sectional temperatures in fire-exposed reinforced concrete members. The approach is derived through statistical nonlinear regression analysis, utilizing data generated from finite element analysis. The parameters that were varied in the finite element analysis include sectional geometry, concrete characteristics and fire exposure conditions. The validity of the approach for different types of concrete is established by comparing predictions from the proposed equation with data from fire tests and finite element analysis. Through these comparisons it is shown that the proposed equation gives better predictions of temperatures in reinforced concrete members. The applicability of the proposed approach in design situations is illustrated though a numerical example. The simplicity of the proposed method makes it attractive for use in design situations and for incorporation in design standards.