Applied Chemical Catalysis

Hikmat S. Hilal's picture
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An Najah National University College of Science-Department of Chemistry Course title and number: Applied Chemical Catalysis Chem. 23465 Instructor(s) Hikmat S. Hilal Contact /// Office 1310/// Building 14 /// ext. 2385 Semester/year 1st Semester 2011 Compulsory / Elective Elective Prerequisites 23322 Course Contents (description) An elective 3-lecture course that introduces applied chemistry students to different aspects of chemical catalysis. Both theory and applications of catalysis are included. The course covers different types of homogeneous, heterogeneous and hybrid types of catalysis. Catalysis by molecular organometallic compounds and zeolites is involved together with surface catalysis by metals and metal oxides. Photocatalysis is also included. Applications of catalysis in organic reactions such as hydrogenation, reforming, carbonylation, isomerization, and other petrochemical processes are included. Environmental applications of catalysis, such as cleanup processes by solar light and CO oxidation are also included. Course Objectives The course aims at helping students acquire preliminary concepts of applied catalyst systems, currently used in chemical industry. The course focuses on chemical basis and aspects of the topic, in a critical approach. The student will use own basic principles to critically make decisions, and preference between different types of catalysts, based on safety, cost, recovery, environmental impact, efficiency and time. The student will also make judgments and formulate specific recommendations on the best catalyst to be chosen for a particular industrial chemical process. The course involves in-depth understanding of catalytic reaction mechanisms, and using such knowledge to kinetically control reaction progress. Moreover, the course equips the student with basic skills needed for future research activities in the area Intended learning Outcomes and Competences At the end of this course, the students should be able to: 1) Master concepts, theories and applications of different types of catalysts: homogeneous, zeolites and surface catalysts 2) Use catalysts in modern organic synthesis 3) Make decisions and consultations on choosing the best catalyst for a given industrial process 4) Make recommendations on best suitable types of catalyst systems, advantages and disadvantages of each type 5) Read literature on modern applications of catalysis, and state-of-the-art research in the area. 6) Drawing own future research activities in the field. Textbook and References (Online Resources) Texts: 1) B.C. Gates, Catalytic Chemistry, J. Wiley. 2) Hikmat Hilal, Homogeneous Catalysis with Transition Metal Complexes, Najah University. References: 3) C. Masters, Homogeneous Transition Metal Catalysis, Science Paperbacks Jens Hagen, Industrial Catalysis: A Practical Approach, 2nd Edition, J. Wiley. 4) Other references: On-line journal (Applied Catalysis, Catalysis Today, Journal of Molecular Catalysis, Organometallics, …) and internet search. Assessment Criteria Activity Percent (%) Midterm Exams 40 Participation 10 Final Exam 50 Lecture Subject Reference 2 Introductory Remarks: thermodynamic and kinetic considerations, definitions and classifications(2 lectures)/// Ref. 1-4 1-4 3 Theory of homogeneous molecular catalysis Mechanisms of hydrogenation, oligomerization, hydrocarbonylation reactions EAN rule, Organometallic elementary reactions, (3 lectures) // Ref 2-3 2-3 13 Applications of homogeneous molecular catalysis//(13 lectures) /// 2-3 2-3 1 MIDTERM EXAM 1 13 Theory and applications of zeolite catalysis General introduction to solid state, closest packing, crystal structures for different zeolites (ZSM-5, mineral sodalites, zeolite A, Faujicites x- and y-types), molecular sieving, ion-exchange, superacidity, mechanisms, catalytic selectivity, different processes,///13 Lecture/// Ref. 1 1 1 MIDTERM EXAM 2 13 Catalysis on metal and metal oxide surfaces (Theory and applications) Nature of metal and metal-oxide surfaces, advantages and disadvantages, theory of adsorption, chemisorption, effect of planes on reactivity, surface modification.///13 Lectures///Ref 1 1 2 Final Exam Updated: HSH Sept 2nd, 2012