difenoconazole

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Control of Alternaria Spot Disease on Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.) Using Detached Fruits and Leaf-disk Assay

Journal Title, Volume, Page: 
An-Najah University Journal for Research - Natural Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 1, 2005
Year of Publication: 
2005
Authors: 
Yacoub Batta
Department of Plant Production and Protection, Faculty of Agriculture. An-Najah National University. Nablus. Palestine
Current Affiliation: 
Department of Plant Production and Protection, Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, An Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
Preferred Abstract (Original): 

Treatments with four types of new, slightly toxic and non-residual fungicides and two preparations of Trichoderma harzianum were applied against Alternaria alternata, causal organism of Alternaria leaf and fruit spot disease of loquat. Preventive and curative effects of the above-mentioned treatments were bioassessed by measuring lesion diameter of A. alternata and its sporulation density on detached loquat fruits and leaf discs. Results indicated that preventive and curative effects of the treatment with difenoconazole (Score®) and cyprodinil+flodioxonil (Switch®) applied at a rate of 0.35% (V/V) and 0.20% (W/V), respectively, significantly reduced the lesion diameter of A. alternata on treated fruits and leaf discs compared to the untreated control fruits and leaf discs. Also, application of the above-mentioned fungicides at the same rates completely inhibited the sporulation of A. alternata at preventive and curative treatment with Switch® and at curative treatment with Score® on treated leaf discs compared to the untreated control organs. Conidia of T. harzianum (strain Th2) formulated in invert emulsion and applied at a concentration of 1.3X108 conidia/ml of the preparation, significantly suppressed lesion diameter of A. alternata and its sporulation density on treated fruits compared to treatment with conidial suspension of T. harzianum in sterile distilled water, and the control (blank formulation of invert emulsion or sterile distilled water only). These results should be confirmed under field conditions before large scale application.

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Postharvest Control of Soft-Rot Fungi on Grape Berries by Fungicidal Treatment ‎and Trichoderma

Journal Title, Volume, Page: 
Journal of Applied Horticulture, 8: 29-32
Year of Publication: 
2006
Authors: 
Batta, Y. A.
Laboratory of Plant Protection, Department of Plant Production and Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, An-Najah National University,Nablus, Palestine
Current Affiliation: 
Department of Plant Production and Protection,Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, An Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
Preferred Abstract (Original): 
  • The present research deals with the effect of postharvest treatment of grape berries with four commonly used fungicides and two forms of Trichoderma harzianum on the infection with soft-rot fungi- Rhizopus stolonifer and Mucor piriformis. This effect was evaluated by comparison of the external diameter of rot-lesion in treated and untreated berries, in addition to comparison of percent reduction in external rot-lesion diameter relative to control. Results indicated that the infection with R. stolonifer and M. piriformis was significantly reduced (P<0.05) in all treated berries in comparison with untreated control berries. The highest reduction in mean external rot-lesion diameter was obtained for both R. stolonifer and M. piriformis when inoculated berries were treated with Score® (difenoconazole) applied at 0.35%(v/v) or Switch® (cyprodinil + flodioxonil) applied at 0.20%(w/v) or formulated T. harzianum conidia in invert emulsion applied at 9.6x108 conidia/ml of formulation (13.5, 13.2, and 19.3 mm, respectively for R. stolonifer; 7.2, 7.5, and 19.2mm, respectively for M. piriformis). The greatest decrease in percent reduction in external rot-lesion diameter relative to control was also obtained for both the fungal species when inoculated berries were treated with the same type of fungicides (Score® and Switch®) and Trichoderma (formulated T. harzianum in invert emulsion) (60.9, 61.7, and 44.1%, respectively for R. stolonifer; 74.5, 73.4, and 31.9%, respectively for M. piriformis). Overall results indicate that the most effective treatment obtained on grape berries could be integrated with other control measures being usually used in grape berry-rot management plans by alternating fungicidal treatment (e.g. Score® or Switch®) with application of formulated T. harzianum conidia in invert emulsion.

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