deconstruction

Nabil Alawi's picture

"Translating‎ with‎ 'Differance‘:‎ The‎ Old‎ Testament‎ as‎ a‎ Case‎ Study"

Journal Title, Volume, Page: 
An-Najah University Journal for Research of Humanities, Vol. 29(6)
Year of Publication: 
2015
Authors: 
Nabil Mahmoud Alawi
Department of English Language and Literature ,Faculty of humanities, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
Current Affiliation: 
Department of English Language and Literature ,Faculty of humanities, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
Mufeed A. H. Sheikha
Preferred Abstract (Original): 
The study examined the translatability of the religious sign within a spatiotemporal dimension. It introduced the influence of spatial substitutions in the diversity of linguistic codes and investigated the temporal gap with the post-structural techniques of deconstructive awareness. It pointed out the contribution of Derrida’s deconstruction to the process and product of translation and provided answers to the problematic decentralization of truth in textual reading in terms of “difference”, trace, retention, protention, supplement and metaphysics. Each act of textual reading encounters various differances allowing for continuous replacement of textual presence, which became absence, with the metaphysics of presence. The study did not only expose the textual instability, but it also provided analytical deconstructive strategies in dealing with the different versions of the Bible. It pointed out that a translation cannot be the same as the original and whatever strategy used to keep an original will result only in a state of relevance. It also pointed out how the metaphysics of the translator’s presence fills the spatiotemporal gap irrelevantly and to this end, deconstructive strategies of trace, retention, “protention, gaps and supplement were used analytically to negotiate the sign’s “differance” and its state of relevance. By means of deconstructive analysis, some translations were found irrelevant to the scriptural spirit of the Biblical message.
2617's picture

‘Transportation is Physical, Communication Iis Psychical’: Female Sexuality and Modes of Communication in Nineteenth-Century Transatlantic Literature

Journal Title, Volume, Page: 
Lancaster University
Year of Publication: 
2015
Authors: 
Mohammed Ismael Saleh Hamdan
Current Affiliation: 
Department of English Language and Literature ,Faculty of humanities, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
Preferred Abstract (Original): 
This thesis connects the discourses of transatlanticism, erotic communication, women and agency in the nineteenth century. It examines four modes of communication: mesmerism, spiritualism, telegraphism and epistolary correspondence, in relation to discourses of female sexuality and power in Anglo-American literature. The exploration of these modes from a feminist point of view will help re-evaluate the presence of women within nineteenth-century transatlantic communication systems and specifically the representation of female voices within public spaces. The Industrial Revolution and the increase of transportation between Britain and America enabled the emergence of various forms of psychic and written communication that constituted a solid background for gender subversion. 
Women’s active participation in mesmerism and spiritualism, which prevailed on both sides of the Atlantic during the 1830s and late 1840s, was a significant cultural subject that opened the door for unconventional reinterpretations of gender roles within clairvoyant systems of mediation. The description of women’s performative acts during mesmeric and spiritualist practices in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The House of the Seven Gables (1851), Wilkie Collins’s The Moonstone (1868), Florence Marryat’s There Is No Death (1891) and Elizabeth Stuart Phelps’s Three Spiritualist Novels (1868; 1883; 1887) subverts the gendering of communication and discourse as masculine. Bodily acts of mesmerised women such as gazing and female mediums’ acoustic contact with spirits through the sound effects of table-rapping violate the boundaries between domestic and social spheres and warrant their sexual autonomy. 

Moving from supernatural to embodied forms of communication, the thesis explores the place of Anglo-American women within nineteenth-century written correspondence such as telegrams and letters, the circulation of which helps acknowledge female desire outside the domestic space and subverts patriarchal spatial structures. With reference to Henry James’s In the Cage (1898), Charles Dickens’s Martin Chuzzlewit (1844) and Edgar Allan Poe’s ‘The Purloined Letter’ (1844), the thesis shows how women act as conduits of their sexual desire and become agents of knowledge exchange via working at telegraph offices or simply writing and posting private letters. In relation to this, the thesis also considers the association between epistolary adestination, desire, flames and textual purity in Dickens and Poe’s fictions of fire. The thesis concludes that women’s interactive presence in nineteenth-century communication systems continues to influence and develop twentieth- and twenty-first-century media for the empowerment of feminine sexual expression against opposing patriarchal voices. 

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