Differences in Medication Adherence, Satisfaction and Clinical Symptoms in Schizophrenic outpatients Taking Different Antipsychotic Regimens

Waleed Sweileh's picture
Journal Title, Volume, Page: 
Curr Drug Saf. 2011 Nov 1;6(5):285-90.
Year of Publication: 
2012
Authors: 
Sweileh WM1, Ihbesheh MS, Jarar IS, Sawalha AF, Abu Taha AS, Zyoud SH, Morisky DE.
Preferred Abstract (Original): 
Sweileh WM1, Ihbesheh MSJarar ISSawalha AFAbu Taha ASZyoud SHMorisky DE.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate differences in medication adherence, treatment satisfaction and clinical symptoms in schizophrenic outpatients taking different antipsychotic treatment regimens.

METHODOLOGY:

Medication adherence was measured using the 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) while treatment satisfaction was measured using the Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSQM 1.4). Psychiatric symptoms were measured using the 24-item expanded Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS-E). Data were entered and analyzed using SPSS 16 for windows.

RESULTS:

A convenience sample of 131 schizophrenic patients was studied. Patients belonged to 7 groups based on their antipsychotic treatment regimens. There was no significant difference in the means of adherence (P=0.6) and BPRS domains: positive (P=0.6), negative (P=0.8), manic (P=0.2) and depression (P=0.9) scores among the studied groups. Satisfaction with side effect domain was significantly different among studied groups (P=0.006, F=3). However, no significant difference was found in other satisfaction domains: effectiveness (P=0.8), convenience (P=0.3), and global satisfaction (P=0.8).

CONCLUSIONS:

Medications adherence, most treatment satisfaction domains and clinical symptom scores were not significantly different among patients taking different antipsychotic regimens.

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