International Graduate Conference on Science, Humanities and Engineering 2011 (IGCSHE2011)

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Research Title: 
Overview of Quantity and Quality of Water Resources in the Faria Catchment, Palestine
Sameer Shadeed
Maather Sawalhah
Atef Abu Jaish
Marwan Haddad
Afaf Alawneh
Atta Abboushi
Doa’ Doraidi
Mohammad Homeidan
Wed, 2011-05-04
overview-quantity-and-quality-water-resources-faria-catchment-palestine(1).pdf97.98 KB
Research Abstract: 

This paper presents, describes, and discusses the quantity and quality of the water resources in the Faria catchment.Faria catchment (320 km2), located in the northeastern part of the West Bank, Palestine is characterized as arid tosemi-arid region. In the catchment, water resources are either surface runoff or groundwater. Surface runoff in theFaria catchment is considered high compared to other catchments in the West Bank. Most surface runoff generatedin the catchment is usually lost in winter as there are no storage structures in the catchment to store that excesswater. The groundwater aquifer system of the Faria catchment is usually utilized through springs and wells. Withinthe catchment, there are 13 fresh water springs and about 65 groundwater wells. Based on the available data,annual discharge from springs varies from less than 4 to almost 40 MCM with an approximate average amount of14 MCM. While the total annul utilization of the groundwater wells ranges from 4.4 to 11.5 MCM. During wetyears when the springs discharge are high, abstraction from wells reduces while pumping increases in dry years.Sampling and analyzing water quality for different water resources in the catchment revealed that most of theseresources are polluted with different levels of potential environmental risks. The upper catchment springs, whichare far away from the pollution source of untreated municipal wastewater, are polluted from cesspits. DetectedFecal coliform bacteria, in these springs, indicate cesspits are the potential source of pollution. In the middle areas,wells and springs water qualities were increasingly affected from untreated municipal wastewater. An increasingtrend of chemical and biological pollution was found in groundwater wells and springs therein. Downstream of Ein-Shibly spring, the last spring in the middle part of the catchment, streamflow (spring flow and the remaininguntreated municipal wastewater) is....