Appraisal of Social and Cultural Factors Affecting Wastewater Reuse in the West Bank

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Journal Title, Volume, Page: 
Int. J. Environment and Pollution, Vol. 33, No. 1, pp.3-14
Year of Publication: 
2008
Authors: 
Al-Kharouf, S.
Palestinian Economic Council for Development and Reconstruction, Ramallah, West Bank, Palestine
Al-Khatib, I.A.
Institute of Environmental and Water Studies (IEWS), Birzeit University, Birzeit, West Bank, Palestine
Shaheen, H.Q.
Institute of Environmental and Water Studies (IEWS), Birzeit University, Birzeit, West Bank, Palestine
Current Affiliation: 
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, An-Najah National University, Nablus. Palestine
Preferred Abstract (Original): 

The reuse of treated wastewater offers opportunities to reduce the demand for scarce potable water resources. Importantly, social acceptance poses a barrier to the effective use of this resource should the concept not be comprehensively presented. This research highlights the potential for reuse of wastewater, identifies the areas of concern and examines the most important factors that affect wastewater reuse in the West Bank, Palestine. The most important factors considered are social, religious, economic, health, political, freshwater scarcity and institutional framework. It is found that traditions have negative effect on the acceptance of wastewater reuse. The psychological factor is negatively affecting the opinion of the community. Public awareness is weak and the information provided is not sufficient. The research will contribute to the improvement of the environment and sustainable development of the West Bank and proposes guidelines for a strategic plan for wastewater reuse.