American Association of Physicists in Medicine, AIP Conference Proceedings 07/2008

Sameer Helou's picture
Research Title: 
The Effect of Shear Wall Distribution on the Dynamics of Reinforced Concrete Structures
S. H. Helou
A. R. Touqan
Tue, 2008-07-08
The_Effect_of_Shear_Wall_Distribution_on_the_Dynamics_of_Reinforced_Concrete_Structures.pdf1.53 MB
Research Abstract: 

The inclusion of a soft storey in multistory concrete buildings is a feature gaining popularity in urban areas where land is of exorbitant cost. In earthquake prone zones, this feature has been observed in post earthquake investigations. Although engineers are prepared to accept the notion that a soft storey poses a weak link in Seismic Design, yet the idea demands better understanding. The following study illustrates the importance of the judicious distribution of shear walls. The selected building is analyzed through nine numerical models which address the behavior of framed structures. The parameters discussed include, inter alias, the fundamental period of vibration, lateral displacements, axial and shear forces. It is noticed that an abrupt change in stiffness between the soft storey and the level above is responsible for increasing the strength demand on first storey columns. Extending the elevator shafts throughout the soft storey is strongly recommended.