10th Annual Scientific Congress of Asia Pacific Association of Medical Toxicology (APAMT)

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Research Title: 
Toxic Plants Poisoning Cases Reported to National Poison Center (2006-2009)
Sa’ed H. Zyoud
Azizan Haji Daud
Razak Hj Lajis
Adilah Mohd Ariff
Halilol Rahman
Fri, 2011-11-11
Research Abstract: 
Introduction: Some plants have medicinal values whilst others may have toxic components. Poisoning regarding plants may occur due to intentional or unintentional consumption of the plants. These plants can be found both growing wild and in gardens, school compounds or public parks. Objective: The aim of the study is to review the trend of cases involving plant poisoning reported to the National Poison Center (NPC) for the period of 2006–2009. Methods: We analysed the calls registered by the NPC 24-h information and consultation service for the period between 2006 and 2009 focusing on the poisoning cases that involved plants. Age, gender, date of exposure, route of exposure, and type of NT poisoning were evaluated. SPSS version 15 was used for descriptive analysis of the data collected. Results: Data analysis showed that 17 poisoning cases caused by poisonous plants have been reported which contributed to 5.82 % of the total poisoning cases caused by natural toxin. All calls were made by medical doctors. Plant poisoning occurred mostly in males (58.82 %). These plants include Datura sp. (four cases), Jatropha sp. (three cases), Antiaris toxicaria (three cases), Mitragyna speciosa (two cases) and one case of Caladium sp. It was observed that there was an increasing trend in the number of calls received. Conclusion and Recommendation: There has been an increase in the number of calls received by the NPC involving plant poisoning. Although poisoning cases caused by plants are quite rare but it is still important to inform the public about the types or species of poisonous plants around us. Certain degree of precaution or awareness should be inculcated as danger posed by such plants can cause physical discomfort and mental stress. It could also lead to death. More national studies should be carried out regarding plant chemistry and toxicity.