Gravity Field Analysis And 3D Density Modeling Of The Lithosphere Along The Dead Sea Transform

radwan's picture
Journal Title, Volume, Page: 
Eos Trans. AGU, 83(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., 2002
Year of Publication: 
Goetze, H
Ebbing, J
Hese, F
Kollersberger, T.
Schmidt, S
Rybakov, M.
Hassouneh, M
Natural Resources Authority, Amman, Jordan
Radwan J. El-Kelani
Earth Sciences and Seismic Engineering Center (ESSEC), An-Najah National University, P.O. Box 707, Nablus, Palestine
Preferred Abstract (Original): 

The gravity field of Dead Sea Rift / Dead Sea Transform was investigated with regard to the isostatic state, the crustal density structure of the orogeny and the rigidity of the lithosphere in the Central Arava Valley. Our multi-national and interdisciplinary gravity group with participants from the Geophysical Institute of Israel, the Natural Resources Authority (Jordan), and the An-Najah National University (Palestine), is aiming to study the crustal density structure, the isostatic state of the lithosphere and mechanical properties of the Dead Sea Rift system under the framework of the international DESERT program which is coordinated by the GeoForschungsZentrum (GFZ, Potsdam, Germany). The study area is located about 100 km away from both the basin of the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Elat/Aqaba basin, respectively. Between March and May 2002 some 800 new gravity observations were recorded at a local (Arava valley) and regional scale (along the DESERT seismic line). Station spacing in the Arava valley was 100 - 300 m and in the nearest neighborhood of the fault 50 m only. The survey of detailed observations covered an area of 10 by 10 km and was completed by a likewise dense survey at the western side of the valley in Israel. All gravity data were tied to the IGSN -71 gravity datum and are terrain-corrected as well. The station complete Bouguer gravity field, Free air anomaly and residual isostatic anomalies (based on both Airy and Vening-Meinesz models) were merged with the existing regional gravity data bases of the region. Constraining information for the 3D density models at regional and local came from recent geophysical field data acquisition and consist of seismic, seismological, electromagnetic, and geologic studies which represent the integrated part of the interdisciplinary research program. Novel methods e.g. curvature techniques, and Euler deconvolution of the gravity fields shed new insight into the structure of upper and lower crust and the causing density domains. In particular the "dip-curvature" reveal a clear course of underground structures which could be linked to the Arava fault system with their pull-apart structures. The results of preliminary 3D density models which are constrained by the seismic refraction and reflection profile of the DESERT program and seismic tomography show a good correlation with the near surface velocity field in the area of the Arava fault and a slightly different picture of the Moho at a depth of interface which stemmed from refraction modeling along the DESERT profile.