Purification and Analysis of the Microvillous (M) and A Forms of Placental Alkaline Phosphatase

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Journal Title, Volume, Page: 
Placenta Volume 5, Issue 1, January–February 1984, Pages 71–82
Year of Publication: 
N.S. Abu-Hasan
Institute of Genetics, University of Glasgow, Church Street, Glasgow G11 5JS, UK
Current Affiliation: 
Department of Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
R.G. Sutcliffe
Institute of Genetics, University of Glasgow, Church Street, Glasgow G11 5JS, UK
Preferred Abstract (Original): 

Microvillous M-PAP and A-PAP were purified to homogeneity from butanol extracts of syncytiotrophoblastic microvillous membranes using DEAE Sepharose CL-6B chromatography. The two isoenzymes had indistinguishable pH optima and Km values. Under reducing conditions in SDS-polyacrylamide gels, both forms showed a similar subunit molecular weight of 69000. In the absence of reduction M-PAP was present in a dimeric form similar to A-PAP. However, the mobility of the dimer of M-PAP corresponded to a molecular weight of 116000 compared with 130000 for A-PAP. It was concluded that this difference is due to the A and M dimers being in different conformations. In SDS-polyacrylamide gels the M form also showed a higher molecular weight species corresponding to a mobility of 180000, but species corresponding to the native molecular weight of 725000 were not found. Under different alkylating conditions the polypeptide subunits of both forms showed similar isoelectric banding patterns. The M-PAP showed some extra bands with a relatively high pI value. The hydrophobicity of the different forms of PAP was investigated by testing their affinities for columns of various hydrocarbon-coated agaroses. Unalkylated agarose did not bind the enzyme; C6 alkyl chains bound A, B and M-PAP. C2 alkyl chains bound M-PAP, but not A or B-PAP. This provided a potentially new and simple method of purifying M-PAP, and supports the view that M-PAP is hydrophobic relative to the A and B forms. The structural implications of this hydrophobicity are discussed.