Tuning Glyconanomaterial Shape and Size for Selective Bacterial Cell Agglutination

m.d.assali's picture
Journal Title, Volume, Page: 
J. Mater. Chem. B, 2016, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/C5TB02488A
Year of Publication: 
Juan José Cid Martín
Mohyeddin Assali
Current Affiliation: 
Department of Pharmacy of An-Najah National University and is a member of faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Nablus, Palestine
Elisabet Fernández-García
Victoria Valdivia
Elena M. Sánchez-Fernández
Jose Manuel Garcia Fernandez
Ralf Wellinger
Fernandez Inmaculada
Noureddine Khiar
Preferred Abstract (Original): 

Multivalent glycosystems are potential candidates for anti-adhesive therapy, a non-lethal approach against the ever increasing antibiotic resistance of pathogenic bacteria. In order to fine tune the glyconanomaterials size and shape for selective bacterial cell agglutination, herein we report the synthesis of sugar-coated dynamic and polymeric 3D-micelles and 1D-carbon nanotubes. The reported shot-gun like synthetic approach is based on the ability of diacetylenic-based neoglycolipids to self-assemble into micelles in water and to hierarchically self-assemble in hemimicelles on single-walled carbon nanotube surface. The affinity of the nanosystems was preliminary assessed by enzyme-linked lectin assay (ELLA) using the mannose-specific Concanavalin A lectin as a model receptor. Relative binding potency enhancements, compared to methyl -D-mannopyranoside used as control, from 10-, to 25- to 975-folds in sugar molar basis were observed when passing from 3D dynamic micelle to static micelle, to 1D-mannose coated carbon nanotubes, respectively, ,indicative of a significant cluster glycoside effect. Importantly, these results were confirmed in vivo showing that the 1D-glyconanoring-coated carbon nanotubes efficiently and selectively regulate the agglutination and proliferation of the enterobacteria Escherichia coli type 1 fimbriae. These findings highlight the potential of sugar coated nano-materials as novel and effective tools in the control of bacterial pathogenesis