عمالة صغار السن في المخيمات المجاورة لمدينة نابلس

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Journal Title, Volume, Page: 
An-Najah University Journal for Research - Humanities - Volume 24, Issue 7, 2010
Year of Publication: 
2010
Authors: 
Maher Abu-Saleh
Department of Geography, Faculty of Economic and Social Studies, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
Current Affiliation: 
Department of Geography, Faculty of Economic and Social Studies, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
Preferred Abstract (Original): 

The population charts issued in the West Bank in 2007 show that more than 41.3% of the total population are under the age of 15. Moreover nearly 4.7% of the laborers are under the age of 18. These results have been taken into serious consideration by researchers and experts in this field hoping that such a problem can be diagnosed and treated. This study is taking the variables of this issue through statistical analysis, clarification and discussion of the data by using means, Chi-square test dependent and independent variables. The results of these tests were as follows: 1) there were different views on determining the age of the young laborers. 2) The results showed that there was a decline in the number of young age laborers. The number came down from 5% in 1997 to 4.7% in 2007. 3) The results revealed that the young age in the refugee camps made up 41.4% of the total population, while in Nablus it was 37.4%, and in Nablus directorate 39.7%. This is because of the high fertility among the study population. 4) The study also showed that 76.1% of the young workers are males. This is obvious in a Muslims society that prefers male workers to females. 5) 41.5% of these workers work while they are still studying at schools. 6) After testing the differences between the variables, the results showed that:
a) there is no effect of the camp variable on the young age variable. b) The young age full-time workers variable is not independent from the camp variable.
c) The young age worker income variable is not different from the variable of the camp where he lives.
d) The gender of the young age worker variable and his age variable have an influence on the income variable.
e) The number of the family members variable is not independent from the reason for work variable.
f) The variable of the number of the young age workers is not independent from the family income variable.
g) Regarding the motives behind child labor, the study showed that 65.4% of the young age workers wanted to contribute something to the family income, and the failure in school was the motive for only 17% of them.

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