Effects of Prevailing Conditions During Second Palestinian Uprising on Solid Waste Management System in Nablus City in ‎Palestine

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Journal Title, Volume, Page: 
Int J Environ Health Res.; 16(4):281-7.
Year of Publication: 
Hassan A. Arafat
1Chemical Engineering Department, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
Current Affiliation: 
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
Issam A. Al-Khatib
Institute of Community and Public Health and Faculty of Engineering, Birzeit University, Ramallah, Palestine
Abdulsalam Abu Zahra
College of Graduate Studies, An-Najah National University, Nablus-Palestine
Preferred Abstract (Original): 

Since the start of the second Palestinian uprising (Al-Aqsa Intifada), and due to the Israeli activities, curfews, closures, and military checkpoints imposed since 2000, the quality of social services rendered by Nablus city has been gradually deteriorating. Solid waste management in Nablus city was badly affected by these conditions, and this situation is negatively affecting health and damaging the environment. Most of these cases were due to reasons beyond the capability of the municipality with its limited resources. This study revealed that some of the important municipal solid waste (MSW) equipment had been damaged during the uprising. The workforce in the MSW system was reduced and certain MSW-related development projects and activities have been frozen due to the current conditions. The city's medical waste incinerator had been phased out and the number of special medical containers had been reduced from 16 to 10. Some MSW compressing trucks had been out of use with no substitute. Another important figure is the number of waste collection workers which decreased from 420 to 301, although the city is growing in premises as well as population. The created unsanitary solid waste transfer station is now a pollution source on its own, causing an ugly scene at the eastern entrance of Nablus city. There should be a comprehensive and urgent solution for this problem and the needed resources should be invested.