the National Academy of Sciences 108(21):E116; author reply E117 · May 2011

Hamdallah Bearat's picture
Research Title: 
Tool-Marked Bones Before The Oldowan Change The Paradigm
Hamdallah A. Béarat
Wed, 2010-12-01
Tool-Marked_Bones_Before_The_Oldowan_Change_The_Paradigm.pdf436.2 KB
Research Abstract: 

Domínguez-Rodrigo et al.(1) critiqued our paper (2), which provided the earliest evidence for stone tool use and animal tissue consumption as evidenced by bones bearing tool- induced marks found at DIK-55 (Dikika, Ethiopia) and dated to 3.39 Ma. Applying a configurational approach, they questioned the bones' context and without examining or conducting new analysis on the original fossils, argued that all of the Dikika marks resulted from trampling, because a small subset of these marks superficially resembled a small