GST Isoenzymes In Matched Normal And Neoplastic Breast Tissue

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Journal Title, Volume, Page: 
Neoplasma Vol.58, No.4, p.304-310, 2011
Year of Publication: 
2011
Authors: 
S. OGUZTUZUN
Department of Biology, Kirikkale University , Yahsihan-Kirikkale, Turkey
A. ABU-HIJLEH
Department of Biology, Kirikkale University , Yahsihan-Kirikkale, Turkey
Current Affiliation: 
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, An-Najah National University, Nablus. Palestine
T. COBAN
Department of Biology, Kirikkale University , Yahsihan-Kirikkale, Turkey
D. BULBUL
Department of Biology, Kirikkale University , Yahsihan-Kirikkale, Turkey
M. KILIC
Department of Biology, Kirikkale University , Yahsihan-Kirikkale, Turkey
M. ISCAN
Department of Biology, Kirikkale University , Yahsihan-Kirikkale, Turkey
Preferred Abstract (Original): 

The potential to metabolize endogenous and exogenous substances may influence breast cancer development and tumor growth. Therefore we investigated GST activity and the protein expression of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) isoenzymes known to be involved in the metabolism of endogenous and exogenous carcinogens in breast cancer tissue to obtain new information on their possible role in tumor progression. The interindividual variation in the conjugation of 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) and of 1,2-epoxy-3-(p-nitrophenoxy) propane (EPNP) with glutathione (GSH) by cytosolic glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) were investigated in human breast matched normal and tumor samples. The GSTA, GSTM, GSTP and GSTT isoenzymes from the crude extracts of matched breast normal and tumor tissues in terms of their immunological properties using western blotting were compared. In most of the samples, the GST activities were higher in the tumor than in the normal cytosolic fractions against both CDNB and EPNP. In the western blotting analysis, it was proved statistically that in normal and tumor epithelial cells, there was difference between GST pi and theta isoenzymes expressions (p0.05). In normal epithelium there was a stronger GST theta expression than in invasive tumor tissues (p=0.013). However, the stronger GST pi expression was observed in tumor epithelium than in normal epithelium in human breast cancers (p=0.000). We found the GSTP protein level and GST activities were higher in the breast tumor than in the normal cytosolic fractions against both CDNB and EPNP, thus implicating a certain biological importance.