Knowledge Cities Conference - Saudi Arabia 2005

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Research Title: 
Applications of GIS in Physical Planning in Palestine: Potentials, Constraints, Fundamentals
Ali Shaban Hussein Abdelhamid
Saudi Arabia
Sat, 2005-01-01
Applications_of_GIS_in_Physical_Planning_in_Palestine_Potentials,_Constraints,_Fundamentals.pdf2.34 MB
Research Abstract: 

 Through the different stages of history man has been linked with the spatial context he lives in. This is due to the interrelation between man and the surrounding natural, environmental, social and economic factors, which led to enhancing the characteristic of evolution and sustainability in comprehensive development in general and in urban development in particular. This emphasizes the need for sciences and modern technologies as well as the use of information systems and their significance in achieving sustainable development, which in turn provide comfort, security and the appropriate living and cultural standard for human being and its spatial context.  The significance of modern techniques of information systems including geographic  information systems (GIS) lies in its efficient use as a technical and analytical tool for planners and decision makers as well as those responsible for the management of environment, population and resources. The use of GIS decreases to a large extent the  cost and achieves speed in taking decisions to deal with various urgent physical problems. In addition, it supports the preparation of plans in speedy rates and high quality, which reduces the lose in capacities and resources. The importance of the applications of GIS in physical planning in Palestine is due to its efficient use in supporting the process of decision taking in related institutions (e.g. governorates, municipalities, governmental bodies) in terms of controlling physical expansion through using advanced techniques that deal with efficient and proper manipulation of data, information and maps. Moreover, the applications of GIS play a significant role in facilitating the preparation of master plans for the Palestinian settlements, which are considered as an important and effective tool for opposing the policies of Israeli occupation related to limiting the physical expansion of these settlements (particularly in the West Bank) through the confiscation of land for the purposes of building and enlarging the Israeli settlements as well as the construction of the separation wall between the West Bank and the occupied territories in 1948.