Integrated Water Resources Planning For A Water-Stressed Basin in Palestine

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Aya R. Arafat
integrated_water_resources_planning_for_a_water.pdf1.55 MB

In Palestine, failure to account for long-term scenarios of water availability is a concern given the potential for severe drought and the continuing misallocation of water rights and water distributions as well as the lack of policies to support integrated water resources management. Analysis to assess how to design future water resources, facilities, and management scenarios based on future measures and management practices as well as rainfall patterns for Palestine are investigated. This research focuses on building an IWRM model for Al Far'a catchment using WEAP program. After collecting all the required data and studying the existing situation, different scenarios are suggested here. Population growth was taken in to account in this work. The burgeoning population growth in Palestine is crucial to integrated water resources planning and management and is expected to increase the stresses on the already scarce water resources. The last step was calibrating the model to get the best fit model and better accuracy. Projection of these data into the future was approximated through many strenuous built-in relationships in WEAP model to assess the future water states. Thus, annual, and decadal future water availability is projected, characterized, and examined to support efficient and effective scenarios to sustain water resources management. This analysis of scenarios assessment and best management practices evaluation is performed for Al-Far'a watershed. Wherein, integrated water resource planning models that can simultaneously aggregate and process hydrologic and management elements are of paramount importance to aid decision planners evaluate the tradeoffs and priorities under different hydrologic realities and management objectives. The utility of the analysis to highlight the need for alternative water supplies; to quantify groundwater recharge; to evaluate water conservation and fair water allocation policies; and to provide guidelines for future nontraditional water supply projects are also presented and discussed.