Crustal Structure Of The Dead Sea Basin (DSB) From A Receiver Function Analysis

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Journal Title, Volume, Page: 
Geophys. J. Int. (2011) 184, 463–476
Year of Publication: 
A. Mohsen
Al-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
G. Asch
Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum-GFZ, Telegrafenberg, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
J. Mechie
Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum-GFZ, Telegrafenberg, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
R. Kind
Freie Universitat, Berlin, Germany
R. Hofstetter
M. Weber
Institut fur Geowissenschaften, Universitat Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany
K. Abu- Ayyash
Natural Resources Authority, Amman, Jordan
Preferred Abstract (Original): 
The Dead Sea Transform (DST) is a major left-lateral strike-slip fault that accommodates the relative motion between the African and Arabian plates, connecting a region of extension in the Red Sea to the Taurus collision zone in Turkey over a length of about 1100 km. The Dead Sea Basin (DSB) is one of the largest basins along the DST. The DSB is a morphotectonic depression along the DST, divided into a northern and a southern sub-basin, separated by the Lisan salt diapir. We report on a receiver function study of the crust within the multidisciplinary geophysical project, DEad Sea Integrated REsearch (DESIRE), to study the crustal structure of the DSB. A temporary seismic network was operated on both sides of the DSB between 2006 October and 2008 April. The aperture of the network is approximately 60 km in the E–W direction crossing the DSB on the Lisan peninsula and about 100 km in the N–S direction. Analysis of receiver functions from the DESIRE temporary network indicates that Moho depths vary between 30 and 38 km beneath the area. These Moho depth estimates are consistent with results of near-vertical incidence and wide-angle controlled-source techniques. Receiver functions reveal an additional discontinuity in the lower crust, but only in the DSB and west of it. This leads to the conclusion that the internal crustal structure east and west of the DSB is different at the present-day. However, if the 107 km left-lateral movement along the DST is taken into account, then the region beneath the DESIRE array where no lower crustal discontinuity is observed would have lain about 18 Ma ago immediately adjacent to the region under the previous DESERT array west of the DST where no lower crustal discontinuity is recognized.
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